The following are the specific objectives of the Indigenous Health program. For an overview of the informational and conceptual content that residents will acquire during the year in order to meet these objectives, see section 3. Historical and Cultural Context
- To develop an understanding of the culture of Aboriginal people prior to contact with the Europeans, and what the impact of contact was.
- To provide a context to the current political struggles of Aboriginal people by examining them in light of the historical relationship (Indian Act) and agreements (treaties) with the federal government.
- Encourage recognition and change of negative stereotypes of Aboriginal peoples and greater appreciation of Aboriginal Canadian cultures, including an understanding of the importance of traditional Aboriginal medicine in the process of healing Aboriginal individuals and communities.
- To gain an understanding of current theories on the impacts of colonization and racism for Indigenous peoples in Canada and internationally. Determinants of Health
- To encourage an understanding of the variety and breadth of issues that affect the health of Aboriginal people (including biological, psychological, social, economic, and political factors), in order to begin to address the inequalities in health between Aboriginal and non-Aboriginal Canadians.
- To develop an understanding of how social conditions (e.g. inadequate water supply,housing, and sewage; under- or unemployment; lack of access to education) contribute to a sense of powerlessness and poor self esteem, and ultimately impact on the health of the people.
- To assist in the recognition of how these problems may be resolved (through improved health promotion, political lobbying, increased Aboriginal control, etc.) Knowledge and Clinical Skills Acquisition
- To provide opportunities for the residents to improve their cross-cultural communication skills.
- To encourage awareness of the special health care and social needs of Aboriginal communities.
- To assist in developing sensitivity and skill in dealing with mental health issues such as family violence, child sexual abuse, substance abuse, and suicide.
- To encourage both respect and understanding of the skills of other health care professionals working with Aboriginal people, such as nurses, Community Health Represenatives (CHRs), and mental health workers, as well as traditional healers.
- To enhance residents' clinical skills in order to function comfortably and competently in northern or isolated communities Research and Community Development
- To provide residents with a framework for understanding both the role of communitybased participatory action research (AHRQ, 2003) and the means to implement it.
- To give residents opportunities to participate in community-based research projects with appropriate consultation from community leaders and workers, Aboriginal political bodies, and academics in the field.
- To provide opportunities to observe/ participate in other on-going community development projects. Medical Education
- To encourage and facilitate the integration of Aboriginal health issues and cross-cultural sensitivity in both the core two year Family Medicine Residency Program as well as the undergraduate medical curriculum at Queen's University, to the benefit of all trainees.
- To promote the attraction of Aboriginal medical students and residents to Queen's University.